Centrosema macrocarpum. Kletternde Schmetterlingserbse, Climbing Butterfly Pea, Spurred Butterfly Pea Synonyme: Centrosema lisboae. Image of Centrosema macrocarpum. Centrosema lisboae Trusted C. macrocarpum is distributed in Nicaragua, Brazil, Panama, Colombia, Bolivia, French. Centrosema macrocarpum Benth. Search in The Plant List Search in IPNI Search in Australian Plant Name Index Search in NYBG Virtual Herbarium Search in.

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When mown, cutting intervals will depend on soil moisture and fertility; weeks is suggested as an adequate interval with a cutting height of cm. Its potential seems to be greater in cut-and-carry systems and for protein banks than as a component in a grass-legume pasture, where it is sensitive to grazing mismanagement. Depending on plant age and soil fertility, N concentration in leaves ranges from 3. Navigation menu Personal tools Log in Request account.

Evidence of considerable outcrossing has been observed in C.

None of the economically important diseases of the genus Rhizoctonia foliar blight, anthracnose, Cercospora leaf-spot, and bacterial blight has been observed to affect C. Pudoc Scientific Publishers, Wageningen, the Netherlands. Click on images to enlarge.

Centrosema macrocarpum – Vines & Climbers, C

Warm season growth only. Stems pilose with greyish hairs when young, glabrescent, lignified at base. Not seriously affected by the major Centrosema diseases, Rhizoctonia foliar blight, anthracnose, Cercospora leaf-spot and bacterial wilt. Tap-rooted, trailing perennial herb with slender stems, rooting at the nodes in some genotypes. The main use of C.


With Brachiaria dictyoneura – being grazed at Quilichao, Colombia.

By using our services, you agree to our use of cookies. Click on images to enlarge Climbing a trellis – flower inflorescence an axillary racemepod, and trifoliolate leaf. Grasses suitable for association with C. This page was last modified on 28 Aprilat Macfocarpum established, it is very drought-tolerant and can remain green during dry seasons as long as months. As yet, centroseam cultivar has been released. The legume has specific Bradyrhizobium strain requirements. Spread is localised by stolon development, extensive spread being limited by low amounts of seed produced under grazing.

Biology, Agronomyand Utilization.

IUCN Red List of Threatened Species

Further conditions which promote flowering are the removal of accumulated biomass and the provision of support for plants to climb up. Pasturas Tropicales13 In pasture systems it can be grazed in pure legume stands “protein bank” or in a mixture with grass. In order to break hardseededness, mechanical or acid-scarification of seed is necessary. Trellis-grown to facilitate hand harvest of seed. Tripping of flowers by large insects required for pod set. Seeds transversely oblong to rectangular, on average 5 mm x 3 mm, yellowish-brownish or black, plain, mottled or marbled.

Because of its adaptation to acid, infertile soils and drought, and its high productivity and nutritive value and good disease tolerance, C. Leaf-eating insects can be a problem during dry periods.


A robust perennial, taprooted vine, prostrate in absence of a support; trailing stems with variable tendency to root at nodes. As it has specific Bradyrhizobium requirements, seed must be inoculated with an appropriate strain if the legume is to be established where it has not been sown before.

It has good tolerance of soil acidity including Al and Mn toxicity, and of low available P. Stylosanthes capitataS. Pod linear, compressed, csntrosema to 30 cm long, 1 cm wide, straight to slightly bent and beaked, subglabrous, containing up to 25 seeds, dehiscent.

Centrosema macrocarpum

Of these, the low-altitude ecotypes from northern South America Colombia, Venezuela are particularly promising as forage plants. Flower and immature pods. The species is well represented in the collection held by CIAT Colombia where a large number of quite variable accessions are available. Fertilization with P and K enhances establishment of C. Cookies help us deliver our services. Stem pilose with greyish hairs when young, glabrescent, lignified at base.

Insects may eat leaves, especially during dry periods. Experimental lines have spread to many tropical countries for testing, including in South-East Asia.