Opinion of the Court. NOTICE: This opinion is subject to formal revision before publication in the preliminary print of the United States Reports. Readers are. Full-length feature article on Kyllo v. United States, which was heard by the United States Supreme Court in February Drawn from the full-text version of. In Agent William Elliott of the United States Department of. Interior began to suspect that Danny Kyllo was using his home for the indoor cultivation of.

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Earls Safford Unified School District v.

United States Silverthorne Lumber Co. United States Franks v. The imager gathers the infrared v.untied that is emitted from the outside surface of the object at which it is pointed. United States Hale v.

United States Draper v. The court further found that “the use of thermal imaging here was not an intrusion into [petitioner’s] home,” that “[n]o intimate details of the home were observed,” that “there was no intrusion upon the privacy of the individuals within the home,” that “[t]he device used cannot penetrate walls or windows to reveal conversations or human activities,” and that “[t]he device recorded only the heat emitted from the home.

Whether it could do so would depend on the type of glass, the thickness of the glass, the wavelength of the camera, and the kind of lens that is used. For example, the Court has sustained the use of a beeper to track the progress of a car,6 the use of a pen register to record telephone numbers that an individual dialed on his home phone,7 the use of aircraft to conduct observations of premises on the ground,8 including with mapping cameras,9 and the use of flashlights10 and searchlights11 to illuminate areas otherwise concealed from view by the cover of darkness.


United States Mapp v. In the dissent Justice John Paul Stevens argued that the use of thermal imaging does not constitute a search, which requires a warrant, because any person could detect the heat emissions. August Learn how and when to remove this template message.

Kyllo v. United States – Merits

The view that v.unied thermal imaging device used in this case presents a serious threat to privacy rests largely on the belief that the technology can overcome physical barriers and acquire detailed information about the interior of a home. The opinion of the court of appeals Supp. The Court did not conclude that such a use of technology converted the observations into a Fourth Amendment search. A state police officer drove by the residence kylll Rhododendron Drive and saw two vehicles registered to Tova Shook parked outside.

In those circumstances, the use of the imager did not invade a reasonable expectation of privacy and therefore did not constitute a search.

Kyllo v. United States – Wikipedia

The opinion of the district court Supp. Pape Malley v.

When a thermal imager is pointed at a wall composed of normal construction materials, such as lath, plaster, plasterboard, stucco, or brick, it detects the radiation that is emitted or reflected from the outside surface of the wall.

Whether the use of thermal imaging to record the relative amount of heat emanating from the exterior of a house constitutes a “search” within the meaning of the Fourth Amendment.


Clapper Carpenter v. The Court explained that the liquor was apparently sitting on deck, and that there was no “exploration below decks or under hatches. Jacobsen INS v. There is no evidence in the record concerning kylloo capabilities.

This Court’s decisions establish, however, that the Fourth Amendment does not preclude the government from obtaining the assistance of technology to observe an area that is exposed to the public, provided that the technology does not permit the government to detect private activities occurring in private areas.

HicksU. Mimms Maryland v. City of Charleston Board of Education v. Henkel Terry v. Miller Ferguson v. Second, the use of technology to enable or enhance those observations does not inherently convert them into a search; rather, technology deployed from a public place raises constitutional concerns only when the information so acquired reveals private areas or activities. V.nuited sum, this case does not involve the use of technology to conduct direct surveillance of private activity or conversations taking place within a house or another private area-a form of surveillance that would be a search.

Kyllo v. United States – Merits | OSG | Department of Justice

Royer United States v. See Air Pollution Variance Bd. Tyler Payton v.