LEGIO IX HISPANA PDF

IX Hispana (The “Spanish Legion”) – was one of the oldest and most feared units in the Roman army. Raised by Pompey in 65 BC, it fought victorious campaigns. The most common theory is that it was defeated and destroyed while fighting an uprising in England, however the fate of the Ninth remains the subject of. ???????????????????? ???????? ???????????????????????????? Legio nona Hispana; the Spanish Ninth Legion, is a legion of the Imperial Roman army – existing since the late Roman Republic.

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Legio IX Hispana may have even been crushed so completely and so mercilessly that Hadrian deemed that id the true story of its fate should be constitutionally banned.

The legionaries were posted in serried ranks, the light-armed troops on either side, and the cavalry massed on the extreme wings. According to Tacitus, after the revolt, Legio IX was restored to strength with reinforcements from the German provinces in 65 AD and moved from Longthorpe and Newton-on-Trent to two new bases; the first, a new fortress at Lindum Lincoln and the second, at Rossington or Osmanthorpe.

The legion disappears from surviving Roman records after c.

There is nothing to support it; it is based entirely upon Romantic notions of early antiquarians combined with a failure hlspana understand the concept of “absence of evidence is not evidence of absence”. The traditional theory is that the Ninth was destroyed in a war on Britain’s northern frontier against the indigenous Celtic tribes.

The Ninth’s service didn’t end there, however.

However, if the Ninth was transferred to the Rhine, it’s likely to have played a role during Drusus’ campaigns on the east bank of the Rhine. The fragile peace found in Brigantia, may also have been the reason the other half of Legio IX did not come to the aid of Cerialis when he fought Queen Boudicca. At the same time, he reported to Rome that no cessation of fighting need be expected until the supersession of Suetonius, the failures of whom he referred to his own perversity, his is to the kindness of fortune.

Roman cupidity had progressed so far that not their very persons, not age itself, nor maidenhood were left unpolluted.

The years was a time of turmoil within the empire as five would-be Roman Emperors struggled for power. Of course, no good storyteller would ever let something trivial like facts get in the way of a good story and the legend of Legio IX Hispana’s mysterious destruction, possibly at the hispanz of Scots savages, is certainly a gripping tale.

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Last visit hispanaa October 14, He suggests that the legion may have been withdrawn from York around to take part in the war in Parthia at the end of Trajan’s reign. Since the legion was based around the edge of Brigantia, they were probably expecting trouble.

The myth, as is so often the case, tends to overshadow the truth. These include some tile-stamps dated ; and a silver-plated bronze pendant, found in the s, that was part of a phalera military medalwith “LEG HISP IX” inscribed on the reverse. The dates of all of Agricola’s campaigns are questioned fiercely by historians, so for our purposes, two possible years will be given in each case. It seems probable that Legio IX advanced up the eastern side, possibly as far as Corbridge, where Agricola established a supply area.

British School at Rome. Their struggle took many forms. DNA analysis seems to support the idea that some Romans and other made it there.

The Roman Ninth Legion’s mysterious loss

An estimated 70, people were killed in Boudicca’s rebellion. After 71, we are not sure about its whereabouts, but in 77, it was transferred to York, where it had to guard the northern frontier of Roman Britain and replaced II Adiutrix.

It is clear the sacrifice of the Ninth gave Suetonius time to regroup his forces in the West Midlandsand despite leigo heavily outnumbered, defeated the Britons in the Battle of Watling Street. The archaeological record shows they moved from Britain to Nijmegen in Holland to replace Legio X Geminawhere tiles and grave markers have been found bearing Legio IX’s stamp.

Even in a number of legions, it was but a few men who decided the fate of battles; and it would be an additional glory that they, a handful of troops, were gathering the laurels of an entire army. It’s still a great book. With Octavian, whom the Senate later titled Augustusestablished as sole ruler of the Roman world, the legion was sent to Legiio to take part in the large-scale campaign against the Cantabrians 25—13 BC.

What happened next is unclear.

Legio IX Hispana – Wikipedia

If there were a camp illness, a handful of guys come out the other side of it, head back to Rome, get reassigned, and no one bothers to document it because disease is benign, hey. I like books like that, even if they’re fiction. Anyhow, it was in Lincoln after They were as carelessly guarded as if the world was at peace, when they were enveloped hipana a great barbarian host.

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The Caledonians “burst upon them as they were terrified in their sleep”.

Russell argues that “by far the most plausible answer to the question ‘what happened to the Ninth’ is that they fought and died in Britain, disappearing in the late s or early s when the province was in disarray”. Bringing Rome to Life! What is certain, however, is that in the confused months after the Roman defeat in the Teutoburg Forest September 9 CEthe legion was in Pannonia, where it is firmly attested in 14, the year of the death of Augustus. Military of ancient Rome portal.

Arriving at Londinium with an army of only approximately 10, men, composed of Legio XX Valeria Victrix, Legio XIV Gemina Maria Victrix and any auxilia he could gather, he determined the city’s defenses inadequate to make a stand against Boudicca’s force of an estimatedRetrieved 27 March According to our sources, it suffered very heavy losses about a third of its strength during the revolt of queen Boudicca Quite apart from it simply being unlikely that a disciplined, refined military system would succumb to a poorly equipped barbarian force of the same type they’ve fought all over Europe without the insider knowledge that Arminius had attacking the legions in Teutoberg Forest, if something of that scale happened I find it unlikely that there wouldn’t be evidence of it.

It is not known what happened to Legio IX after it was attacked and depending on its condition, it would either have continued to campaign with Agricola or been withdrawn, either to Inchtuthil or back to York.

Legio IX Hispana

Some veterans were settled in Picenum the northern Adriatic coastal plain of ancient Italyothers at Histria near Istros, on the shore of the Romanian Black Sea. It seems that the Queen had been pro-Roman since they had been invaded, although her husband Venutius seemed more cautious about the Romans.

However, the unit’s pride lgeio remained intact because the Legion’s commander Quintas Petillius Cerialis wasn’t removed from his post, which suggests that he and his men behaved honorably.